Snow-capped peaks attract people to themselves as a magnet, forcing to climb upwards, overcoming all difficulties and adversities. Especially climbers are attracted by the highest mountains in the world, which are managed to climb only the most prepared, courageous, desperate and successful. Meet the ten highest mountain peaks in the world, the height of which exceeds eight thousand meters. All of them are in the Himalayas in a small area on the border of China, Nepal, India and Pakistan.
Let’s have a look at the 10 highest mountains in the world.
10. Annapurna I
Annapurna I is the highest peak of the Annapurna mountain range with a height of 8091 meters. It takes the tenth place among all the peaks of the world with respect to height. Also this peak is considered to be the most dangerous, since the mortality rate of climbers for all climbs is 32%, however in the period from 1990 to the present, the mortality rate has decreased to 17%.
The name Annapurna is from Sanskrit, which means “Goddess of Fertility”. Annapurna is a series of peaks, the highest of which is called Annapurna I. It is located in the central part of Nepal.
9. Nanga Parbat (Himalayas) – 8,125 meters.
Nanga Parbat is one of the most dangerous for the ascent of the mountains among all the eight-thousanders. The height of the summit of Nanga Parbat is 8,125 meters. From Europeans, the peak was noticed for the first time in the 19th century by Adolf Schlagintweit during his trip through Asia.
In 1895, the first attempt to conquer the summit was made by alpinist Albert Frederick Mummery. But he died along with his guides. Then a few more attempts were made to conquer in 1932, 1934, 1937, 1939, and 1950, but the first successful subjugation occurred in 1953, when Hermann Boul, a member of the German-Austrian expedition led by K. Herrligkoffer ascended to Nanga Parbat.
Nanga Parbat has a mortality rate among climbers of 21%.
8. Manaslu (Himalayas) – 8156 meters
Manaslu (Kutang) is a mountain that is part of the Mansuri-Himal mountain range in Nepal. In 1950, Tilman made the first reconnaissance of the mountain and noted that it is possible to climb it from the north-eastern side. And only 34 years later, after several unsuccessful attempts to conquer the summit, on January 12, 1984, Polish climbers Ryszard Gaevski and Maciej Berbeka climbed to the Manaslu summit for the first time, pacifying it. The death rate among climbers at Manaslu is 16%.
7. Dhaulagiri I (Himalayas) – 8167 meters.
Dhaulagiri I is the highest point of the Dhaulagiri mountain range in the Himalayas. The height of the peak is 8167 meters. From 1808 to 1832, Dhaulagiri I was considered the highest peak in the world. Mountaineers paid attention to it only in the 50s of the 20th century, and only the eighth expedition managed to conquer the summit. The team of the best climbers of Europe under the leadership of Max Eiselin conquered the summit on May 13, 1960.
6. Cho-Oyu (Himalayas) – 8,201 meters.
Cho-Oyu is the sixth highest mountain in the world. The height of Cho-Oyu is 8201 m. The first successful ascent was accomplished in 1954 by an Austrian expedition consisting of Herbert Tihi, Josef Jehler and Pazang Dava Lama. For the first time an attempt was made to conquer such a summit without oxygen masks and cylinders, and it was a success. With its success, the expedition opened a new page in the history of mountaineering. To date, 15 different routes have been laid on the top of Cho Oyu.
5. Makalu (Himalayas) – 8,485 meters.
Makalu is the fifth highest peak in the world. It is located in the central Himalayas, on the border of Nepal with China (Tibet Autonomous Region). The first ascent attempt began in the mid-50s of the 20th century. This can be explained by the fact that most of the expeditions wanted to conquer Jomolungma and Lhotse, and less famous neighbouring peaks, including Makalu and other remained in the shadows.
The first successful expedition happened in 1955. French climbers led by Lionel Terrai and Jean Cozy conquered the summit on May 15, 1955. It is one of the most difficult peaks for climbing. Success is achieved by less than 30% of expeditions.
4. Lhotse (Himalayas) – 8516 meters.
Lhotse is the fourth highest peak in the world, with a height of 8516 meters. It is located in the territory of the Tibet Autonomous Region. The first successful ascent was accomplished on May 18, 1956 by a Swiss expedition consisting of Ernst Reiss and Fritz Luchsinger. Only 25% of all the attempts to climb Lhotse succeeded.
3. Kanchenjunga (Himalayas) – 8586 meters.
Kanchenjunga takes the third place in the ranking of the world’s highest peaks. The height of the summit is 8586 meters. Until 1852, Kanchenjunga was considered the highest peak of the world, but after calculations based on the data of the expedition of 1849, it was proved that the highest mountain is the Everest.
For the first time the mountain of Kanchenjunga was conquered on May 25, 1955 by George Band and Joe Brown. At all peaks of the world, there is a tendency to reduce mortality over time, but Kanchenjunga is an exception. In recent years, mortality in climbing to the top has reached 23% and is only growing. In Nepal, there is a fable that Kanchenjunga is a mountain-woman who kills all women trying to climb to its top.
2. Chogori-K2 (Karakoram) – 8614 meters.
Chogori is the second of the highest peaks in the world. It was first discovered by an European expedition in 1856 and was designated as K2 mountain, that is the second peak of the Karakoram. The first ascent attempt was made in 1902 by Oscar Eckenstein and Alistair Crowley, but ended in failure. The conquest of the summit occurred in 1954 by an Italian expedition led by Ardito Desio.
Climbing the Chogori is technically much more difficult than climbing Mount Everest. According to the danger, the mountain ranks second among the eight-thousanders after Annapurna, the death rate is 24%. None of the attempts to climb the Chogori in winter was successful.
1. Jomolungma – The Everest (Himalayas) – 8848 meters.
Jomolungma, the Everest is the highest peak of the Earth. The English name “Everest” was given in honour of Sir George Everest, the head of the geodetic service of British India in 1830-1843. This name was proposed in 1856 by George Everett’s successor, Andrew Voe.
Prior to the first successful ascent to the summit, which took place in 1953, about 50 expeditions were conducted to the Himalayas and the Karakorum (to Chomolungma, Chogori, Kanchenjunga, Nanga Parbat and other peaks). Everest was conquered by the mountaineer Edmund Hillary and Sherpa Tenzing Norgay from New Zealand on May 29, 1953.